Clinical trials offer women who have a diagnosis of ovarian cancer the opportunity to access new cancer drugs, improve understanding of the disease and treatment options, and access the highest quality care.
There are two main types of clinical trials: interventional trials and observational trials.
These aim to find out more about a particular intervention or treatment. Their purpose is to help researchers to understand if the new drug, test or procedure:
has any expected or unexpected side effects
works better than the currently used standard treatment or test
impacts on the person's quality of life
These trials often split participants into two groups using a process called randomisation. One group will receive the new treatment(s) being investigated with the other group receiving the standard treatment or a placebo drug.
These aim to find out what happens to people who are having different treatment, tests or are in different situations. However, rather than influencing what treatment people have the research team observe the people taking part. Those taking part in the trial are not randomised. Studies looking at people's quality of life during treatment are an example of observation studies.